List of trees of the Caribbean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Prior to European settlement, the Caribbean was dominated by forested ecosystems. The insular Caribbean has been considered a biodiversity hotspot.[1] Although species diversity is lower than on mainland systems, endemism is high.

Species diversity is highest and endemism is lowest in Trinidad, which has a predominantly continental flora. Endemism is highest in Cuba and Hispaniola, the largest members of the Greater Antilles.

List of species[edit]

Native species[edit]

Acanthaceae[edit]

Anacardiaceae[edit]

Annonaceae[edit]

Apocynaceae[edit]

Arecaceae[edit]

Araliaceae[edit]

Bignoniaceae[edit]

Bombacaceae[edit]

Boraginaceae[edit]

Burseraceae[edit]

Buxaceae[edit]

Canellaceae[edit]

Cannabaceae[edit]

Capparidaceae[edit]

Celastraceae[edit]

Clusiaceae[edit]

Combretaceae[edit]

Cupressaceae[edit]

Cyrillaceae[edit]

Dilleniaceae[edit]

Elaeocarpaceae[edit]

Erythroxylaceae[edit]

Euphorbiaceae[edit]

Fabaceae[edit]

Flacourtiaceae[edit]

Garryaceae[edit]

Hernandiaceae[edit]

Juglandaceae[edit]

Lecythidaceae[edit]

Malpighiaceae[edit]

Malvaceae[edit]

Magnoliaceae[edit]

Meliaceae[edit]

Moraceae[edit]

Myrtaceae[edit]

Nyctaginaceae[edit]

Oleaceae[edit]

Pinaceae[edit]

Podocarpaceae[edit]

Polygonaceae[edit]

Rhamnaceae[edit]

Rhizophoraceae[edit]

Rosaceae[edit]

Rubiaceae[edit]

Rutaceae[edit]

Sapindaceae[edit]

Sapotaceae[edit]

Sterculiaceae[edit]

Theophrastaceae[edit]

Verbenaceae[edit]

Zamiaceae[edit]

Zygophyllaceae[edit]

Non-native species[edit]

Anacardiaceae[edit]

Arecaceae[edit]

Bignoniaceae[edit]

Casuarinaceae[edit]

Combretaceae[edit]

Fabaceae[edit]

Moraceae[edit]

Sapindaceae[edit]

Sapotaceae[edit]

Verbenaceae[edit]

  • Teak (Tectona grandis)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, N., R. A. Mittermeier, C. G. Mittermeier, G. A. B. da Fonseca, and J. Kent. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403:853-858.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Van den Eynden, V. 2006. Review of endemic plants of Trinidad and Tobago.
  3. ^ "Aralia excelsa". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  4. ^ "Aralia rex". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  5. ^ "Dendropanax arboreus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  6. ^ "Dendropanax blakeanus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  7. ^ "Dendropanax cordifolius". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  8. ^ "Dendropanax cuneifolius". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  9. ^ "Dendropanax elongatus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  10. ^ "Dendropanax filipes". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  11. ^ "Dendropanax grandiflorus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  12. ^ "Dendropanax grandis". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  13. ^ "Dendropanax laurifolius". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  14. ^ "Dendropanax nervosus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  15. ^ "Dendropanax nutans". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  16. ^ "Dendropanax oblanceatus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  17. ^ "Dendropanax pendulus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  18. ^ "Dendropanax portlandianus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  19. ^ "Dendropanax selleanus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  20. ^ "Dendropanax swartzii". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  21. ^ "Oreopanax capitatus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  22. ^ "Oreopanax dussii". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  23. ^ "Oreopanax ramosissimus". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  24. ^ "Schefflera attenuata". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  25. ^ "Schefflera glabrata". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  26. ^ "Schefflera gleasonii". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  27. ^ "Schefflera morototoni". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  28. ^ "Schefflera sciodaphyllum". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  29. ^ "Schefflera stearnii". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  30. ^ "Schefflera tremula". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  31. ^ "Schefflera troyana". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  32. ^ "Schefflera urbaniana". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-03.
  33. ^ Magnolia cristalensis WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  34. ^ Magnolia cubensis Magnolia cubensis subsp. cacuminicola Magnolia cubensis subsp. cubensis WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  35. ^ Magnolia dealbata WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  36. ^ Magnolia domingensis WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  37. ^ Magnolia ekmanii WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  38. ^ Magnolia emarginata WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  39. ^ Magnolia hamorii WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  40. ^ Magnolia minor WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  41. ^ Magnolia pallescens WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  42. ^ Magnolia portoricensis WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  43. ^ Magnolia splendens WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  44. ^ a b Berg, C.C. (2007). "Proposals for treating four species complexes in Ficus subgenus Urostigma section Americanae (Moraceae)". Blumea. 52 (2): 295–312. doi:10.3767/000651907x609034.
  45. ^ "Ficus maxima". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  46. ^ "Chrysophyllum argenteum". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  47. ^ "Chrysophyllum cainito". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  48. ^ "Chrysophyllum oliviforme". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  49. ^ "Chrysophyllum pauciflorum". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  50. ^ "Manilkara bidentata". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  51. ^ "Manilkara excisa". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  52. ^ "Manilkara gonavensis". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  53. ^ "Manilkara jaimiqui". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  54. ^ "Manilkara mayarensis". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  55. ^ "Manilkara pleeana". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  56. ^ "Manilkara sideroxylon". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  57. ^ "Manilkara valenzuelana". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  58. ^ "Manilkara zapota". WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2008-01-04.