Temporal range: Mid Cambrian–Recent
|Cyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida)|
Maxillopoda is a diverse class of crustaceans including barnacles, copepods and a number of related animals. It does not appear to be a monophyletic group, and no single character unites all the members.
With the exception of some barnacles, maxillopodans are mostly small, including the smallest known arthropod, Stygotantulus stocki. They often have short bodies, with the abdomen reduced in size, and generally lacking any appendages. This may have arisen through paedomorphosis.
Apart from barnacles, which use their legs for filter feeding, most maxillopodans feed with their maxillae. They have a bauplan comprising 5 cephalic segments, 6 thoracic segments and 4 abdominal segments, followed by a telson.
Six subclasses are generally recognised, although many works have further included the ostracods among the Maxillopoda. Of the six groups, only the Mystacocarida are entirely free-living; all the members of the Tantulocarida, Pentastomida, and Branchiura are parasitic, and many of the Copepoda and Thecostraca are parasites.
- "Maxillopoda". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- Joel W. Martin & George E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. p. 132.
- "Introduction to Maxillopoda". University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- Phil Myers (2001). "Maxillopoda". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- B. A. Foster & J. S. Buckeridge (1987). "Barnacle palaeontology". In A. J. Southward (ed.). Crustacean Issues 5: Barnacle Biology. pp. 41–63. ISBN 978-90-6191-628-4.
- Dieter Waloszek, John E. Repetski & Andreas Maas (June 2005). "A new Late Cambrian pentastomid and a review of the relationships of this parasitic group". Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences. 96 (2): 163–176. doi:10.1017/S0263593300001280.
- Media related to Maxillopoda at Wikimedia Commons