Walgett, New South Wales
New South Wales
Main street, Walgett (Fox Street/Castlereagh Highway) looking south over Wee Waa Street
|Population||2,145 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||133 m (436 ft)|
Walgett is a town in northern New South Wales, Australia, and the seat of Walgett Shire. It is near the junctions of the Barwon and Namoi Rivers and the Kamilaroi and Castlereagh Highways. In 2016, Walgett had a population of 2,145.
In the 2016 Census, there were 6,107 people in the Walgett Local Government Area. Of these 52.9% were male and 47.1% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 29.4% of the population. Walgett takes its name from an Aboriginal word meaning 'the meeting place of two rivers'. The town was listed as one of the most socially disadvantaged areas in the State according to the 2015 Dropping Off The Edge report.
The area was inhabited by the Gamilaroi (also spelt Kamilaroi) Nation of Indigenous peoples before white settlement.
Yuwaalaraay (also known as Yuwalyai, Euahlayi, Yuwaaliyaay, Gamilaraay, Kamilaroi, Yuwaaliyaayi) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Yuwaalaraay country. The Yuwaalaraay language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Shire of Balonne, including the town of Dirranbandi as well as the border town of Hebel extending to Walgett and Collarenebri in New South Wales.
Yuwaalayaay (also known as Yuwalyai, Euahlayi, Yuwaaliyaay, Gamilaraay, Kamilaroi, Yuwaaliyaayi) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Yuwaalayaay country. It is closely related to the Gamilaraay and Yuwaalaraay languages. The Yuwaalayaay language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Shire of Balonne, including the town of Dirranbandi as well as the border town of Goodooga extending to Walgett and the Narran Lakes in New South Wales.
A post office was gazetted for "Wallgett on the Barwin River" in 1851 and the town sites were surveyed in 1859. The district would have been occupied prior to this by squatters and their livestock. The town of Walgett was proclaimed on 20 March 1885. The surveyor Arthur Dewhurst mapped the town, naming three streets after British Prime Ministers: Fox (main street—Castlereagh Highway), Pitt and Peel. Arthur Street was named after another surveyor. Walgett Courthouse was built in 1865.
Walgett was a port in the late 19th century for paddle steamers that plied the Murray-Darling river system. The first steamer reached Walgett in 1861 and travelled to the town regularly until c.1870.
Euroka Station, 10 miles (16 km) south of the town on the Castlereagh Highway, was purchased by Fred Wolseley in 1876 and was the site of the invention of the Wolseley Shearing Machine. The machine was tested at Bourke in 1888 on 184,000 sheep and eventually revolutionised the shearing industry.
Walgett's history includes the Freedom Rides in the mid-1960s. The Freedom Riders, consisting in the main of Sydney university students, including Charles Perkins, arrived in Walgett on 15 February 1965. They protested outside the Walgett RSL Club because they had been told the club was refusing to admit Indigenous ex-servicemen. They also picketed a ladies' dress shop (Sheehan's), protesting the fact that the proprietor would not allow Indigenous women to try on dresses. After their protests the Freedom Riders left town and headed for Narrabri, when a short distance from Walgett their bus was allegedly forced off the road by a car driven by a local farmer. This event led to Walgett, the Freedom Riders and the plight of Indigenous Australians receiving national and international media attention.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 2,145 people in Walgett.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 43.4% of the population.
- 81.0% of people were born in Australia and 84.3% of people spoke only English at home.
- The most common responses for religion were Anglican 31.4%, Catholic 26.7% and No Religion 19.9%.
Walgett has a hot, semi-arid climate (BSh) with hot to very hot summers and mild to cool winters with occasional frosts. Summer temperatures frequently rise above 40 °C (104 °F), and a maximum temperature of 49.2 °C (120.6 °F) was recorded on 3 January 1903, which is one of the hottest temperatures recorded in the state. The annual rainfall is fairly low, at 480.6 millimetres (18.92 in) which falls fairly evenly throughout the year; however, summer rainfall usually falls as heavy but infrequent downpours associated with thunderstorms; winter rain is usually very light, but can last for days at a time.
In December 2018 amidst drought, the Barwon River at Walgett ceased flowing, reduced to a series of stagnant pools. Bore water from the Great Artesian Basin being used by the town was of questionable quality in relation to the Australian drinking water guidelines, leading to concerns of usage within the town.
|Climate data for Walgett (1878–2012)|
|Record high °C (°F)||49.2
|Average high °C (°F)||35.4
|Average low °C (°F)||20.4
|Record low °C (°F)||5.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||62.3
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||5.3||4.8||4.5||3.6||4.3||5.2||4.9||4.3||4.2||4.7||4.6||4.9||55.3|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
The town, like many other remote communities, has problems with crime linked to the abuse of alcohol and other drugs. As a result, many businesses have metal shutters to protect their premises from street crime.
The suspected murder of 31-year-old mother-of-two Roxlyn Margaret Bowie occurred in June 1982 when she vanished from her Walgett family home. A 2014 coronial inquest did not determine the cause of death, and her body has not been located. A one million dollar reward was offered in December 2018 for information leading to the identity of her killer. Her husband was arrested in late 2019 and charged with her murder.
On the night of 9 December 1994, nurse Sandra Hoare was abducted from the Peg Cross Ward of the Walgett District Hospital by Vester and Brendan Fernando, and forced to walk to a nearby sporting field where she was raped by both men. She was then forced to walk further to the perimeter of the nearby Walgett aerodrome where she was murdered by Vester Fernando using a machete to sever her neck in a near-decapitation. Both men were arrested, charged, convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Brendan was later stabbed and killed by Vester in Lithgow Correctional Centre in an apparent revenge attack for giving evidence against him prior to and during their trials. Vester Fernando's life sentence was compounded by his conviction for murdering his accomplice.
It is a regional hub for wool, wheat and cotton industries. It is the gateway to the New South Wales opal fields at Lightning Ridge to the north and The Grawin to the west. The main crop farmed in the district is wheat; however, the drought has caused an increase in the farming of lucerne and other good hay crops.
Walgett has a strong rugby league culture, and former St. George Dragons player Ricky Walford played in the Walgett junior leagues. Walgett is also the home of the Barwon Brumbies rugby league side. The Walgett Rams is the local rugby side in the Western Plains Rugby Union competition.
The Walgett and District Sporting Club provides facilities for tennis, golf and lawn bowls. The original Tennis Club was situated on the south side of the town in the mid- to late 1960s and 1970s prior to merging with the Bowling Club to become the Walgett District Sporting Club. Likewise, the original Golf Club that was situated on river country some eight kilometres to the west of the town, also merged with the Sporting Club on the north edge of the town allowing the golf course to be re-established along the Namoi River adjacent to the club house proper. The greens are sand and oil as opposed to conventional grass.
The local college hosts two major football carnivals each year. The Ricky Walford Shield and the Neville Thorne Shield are knockout rugby league competitions held in August by the primary school and the high school respectively.
The Walgett Aero Club was established in the town in 1958 with a club house and hangar built at the aerodrome with support from the Walgett Shire Council. The club's first two aircraft purchased in its first years were DH-82 Tiger Moths – registrations VH-BAR and VH-WON carrying the name of the nearby Barwon River. As the club progressed and thrived with the appointment of a chief flying instructor in the early 1960s, it eventually modernised its fleet to include the likes of Cessna 172, Cessna 150 and Piper Comanche 210 aircraft. In 2008 the club celebrated its fiftieth anniversary, and continues to be a prosperous part of the transport and aviation hub of the far north of the state.
The pre-school, primary school and high school were re-structured in 2003 into the Walgett Community College. The college is a unique educational institution, and gave birth to the successful Yaama Maliyaa group that won several national awards in Young Achievers Australia in 2005.
Walgett publishes a weekly newspaper called the Walgett Spectator that has been in continuous production since the 1800s, despite a fire razing the business premises in 1903.
References in popular culture
The fictional character Betty in the sitcom Hey Dad..! was from Walgett.
Banjo Paterson wrote two poems featuring Walgett – "A Walgett Episode" and "Been There Before". In Been There Before Paterson relates the story of a visitor to the town who is down on his luck and who makes a wager that he can throw a stone from one bank of the river to another. The locals who know that stones of a reasonable mass are a rarity along the banks think they have fooled the visitor. However while...
- The yokels laughed at his hopes o'erthrown,
- And he stood awhile like a man in a dream;
- Then out of his pocket he fetched a stone,
- And pelted it over the silent stream—
- He had been there before: he had wandered down
- On a previous visit to Walgett town.
Paterson could not decide on which river the town lies. In the former poem he correctly says "Walgett, on the Barwon side", whereas in the latter he says "The Darling River, at Walgett town". The Darling River is formed at Brewarrina, much further west than Walgett, from the confluence of the Barwon and Culgoa Rivers.
The Barwon-Darling River system is described as the Barwon River from Mungindi to where it joins the Culgoa River near Brewarrina then becomes the Darling River flowing to the Menindee Lakes.
Walgett lies on the Namoi River, which skirts the east and north-east of the town from where it eventually joins with the Barwon River some five kilometres north-west of the town. The Namoi River rises on the west slopes of the Moonbi Range and Great Dividing Range near Niangala at the convergence of the Macdonald River and Boundary Creek, and flows generally west, joined by 27 tributaries, including the Peel, Manilla and Mooki rivers, before reaching that confluence with the Barwon River.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Walgett (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 January 2020. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- You are in: Walgett About NSW
- Taylor, Josie; Branley, Alison. "Dropping Off The Edge: Select suburbs stuck in cycle of disadvantage with little being done to help, report shows". ABC News. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yuwaalaraay". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yuwaalayaay". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- Readers Digest Guide to Australian Places, Reader's Digest (Australia) Pty. Limited, Surry Hills N.S.W., 1993, ISBN 0-86438-399-1
- Zagar, C. (2000) Goodbye Riverbank: The Barwon-Namoi People Tell Their Story, Broome, Magabala Books. p. 14.
- Curthoys, Ann (2002). Freedom ride : a freedom rider remembers. Allen and Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-922-7.
- "Collaborating for Indigenous Rights". National Museum Australia. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- "Walgett Council Depot". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Carbonell, Rachel; Davies, Jessie; Bonica, Danielle (11 December 2018). "Health expert warns residents are at risk from high sodium in water in drought-stricken NSW town of Walgett". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "WALGETT AIRPORT AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Landline – 3 November 2002: Walgett employer forced to look overseas for staff. Australian Broadcasting Corp
- Busy kids means less boredom crime in Walgett :: Water
- Coote, Gavin (25 August 2017). "Remote NSW towns fight reputation as crime hotspots to become 'oases in the desert' – Bars on Walgett shopfront". ABC News. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
Walgett is unfortunately renowned for its barred-window shopfronts to deter vandals.
- McKinnell, Jamie; Kennedy, Jean (27 November 2018). "Roxlyn Bowie tip-off leads NSW investigators to comb Walgett dam". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Husband has history of violence: inquest". Daily Liberal. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "Death of Roxlyn Bowie". New South Wales Police Force. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- "John Bowie charged with murder of wife Roxlyn Bowie, which happened 37 years ago". ABC News. 5 October 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- "Destructive fire at Walgett". The Sydney Morning Herald. 12 December 1903. p. 11. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- Gary Lester (editor) (1983). The Sun Book of Rugby League – 1983. Sydney: John Fairfax Marketing. p. 40. ISBN 0-909558-83-3.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
Media related to Walgett, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons